Terras de Císter
Wine region: TERRAS de CISTER
As buffers between the “Douro” and “Terras do Dão” regions are the “Terras de Cister” IG and the “Távora‑Varosa” DO, which although constituting a small region geographically speaking, is nevertheless very important as far as the production of sparkling wines is concerned, not to mention the fresh whites wines and suave reds produced there.
The Távora‑Varosa region is located in the foothills of the Serra da Nave. The current designation is not a new one but was created in 1999, and makes reference to the rivers Távora and Varosa, two tributaries of the Douro, and constitutes one of the first DOs specifically for sparkling wines in Portugal. It is the first DOC especially for sparkling wines in Portugal. Vineyard cultivation, at roughly 2,100 hectares, covers the municipalities of Lamego, Tarouca, Moimenta da Beira, Armamar, Tabuaço, São João da Pesqueira, Sernancelhe and Penedono.
The region bears vestiges of human habitation since prehistoric times and the successive Roman, Suevi and Visigoth settlements there. It was the place where the Cistercian monks chose to build some of the most beautiful examples of Cistercian architecture, such as the Monastery of São João de Tarouca which was the first of its kind on the Iberian Peninsula, constructed in the seventh century. It is a region of ancient culture linked to the historical roots of Portugal. The nobles who proclaimed D. Afonso Henriques as the first King of Portugal in 1143 did so at a meeting in Lamego, the capital of Távora‑Varosa.
Its edapho‑climatic conditions are unique, with predominately granitic soils low in lime, sometimes schistose with marked erosion and acidic, with a temperate and dry continental climate, with severe winters, making this a very special region for the production of wine even though the land itself is divided up into numerous small parcels and supports more than 10,000 viticulturalists.
This land of smallholdings lies on a mountainous plateau and has cold wet winters and hot dry summers. It is one of the zones which lends itself to the creation of exceptional characteristics in sparkling wines, and one of its subregions bordering on the Varosa river is host to one of the most famous wine‑producing houses, the Murganheira, with its cellar cut out of granite rock, reaching a depth of 72 metres below ground level.
The natural acidity, intense aroma and citrus character, sparkling and fresh of white wines lends itself well to enhancing their quality, the red wines too receive this delicate balance of aroma and nobility of, achieving excellent aromas over time.
The Comissão Vitivinícola Regional Távora‑Varosa (Távora‑Varosa Regional Vitivinicultural Commission), abbreviated to CVRT‑V, is the officially appointed certification authority for DO and IG products of this region.
(IVV Yearbook 2010/11)
Types of vitivinicultural products
Terras de Cister IG wine or Terras de Cister regional wine: White, red, rosé, sparkling, quality sparkling, and red, white and rosé aromatic sparkling
Távora‑Varosa DO wine: Red, white, rosé and sparkling
Távora‑Varosa DO sparkling wine (VEQPRD): Red, white, rosé
Technical information: IVDP, I.P. – INSTITUTO DOS VINHOS DO DOURO E DO PORTO, I.P.(“Vine Institute of the Douro and Porto”) (Head Office) Rua dos Camilos, 905050‑272 PESO DA RÉGUA Tel.: 254 320 130, Fax: 254 320 149 Website: www.ivdp.pt, e‑mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Intermediate certification authority: IVDP, I.P. – INSTITUTO DOS VINHOS DO DOURO E DO PORTO, I.P. (Head Office) Rua dos Camilos, 905050‑272 PESO DA RÉGUA – Tel.: 254 320 130, Fax: 254 320 149 – Website: www.ivdp.pt, e‑mail: email@example.com
IN FUTURE: COMISSÃO VITIVINÍCOLA REGIONAL DE TÁVORA‑VAROSA (“TÁVORA‑VAROSA REGIONAL VITIVINICULTURAL COMMISSION”) Casa do Paço – Dalvares; 3610‑013 TAROUCA Tel.: 254 67 90 00/254 67 90 01 | Fax: 254 07 90 02 | e‑mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Terras do Cister Wine Route(Viniportugal); www.viniportugal.pt →Terras d. C.
Câmara de Moimenta da Beira website: www.if‑moimentadabeira.pt; www.douronet.pt;
Producer and bottler information on wine from Terras de Cister: http://www.ivv.min‑agricultura.pt/np4/1736.html, → IVV Yearbook 2010/2011, page 146.
Designation: IG “Terras De Cister, “Távora‑Varosa” DO Regional wine
Legislation: Portaria Nº 151/2012 dated 18 May
The varieties to be used shall be established by IVDP, I. P. resolution, and adopted by the “Távora ‑Varosa” general council.
Designation: DOP Távora‑Varosa VQPRD
Legislation: Ministerial Directive No. 108/2011 dated 14 March, Decree‑Law No. 20/2011 dated 8 February, Decree‑Law No. 212/2004 dated 23 August and Council Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2007 dated 22 October, as amended by Council Regulation (EC) No. 491/2009 dated 25 May.
The varieties to be used in blending the wines concerned shall be established by an IVDP, I. P. resolution, and adopted by the “Távora‑Varosa” general council.