Pedro Ximénez (ES)

Variety: white | Category III | Spain

General Information

Pedro Ximénez

Origin: Rumour has it that a native of The Netherlands with a similar name brought the variety to Spain, which is highly improbable, because of the high heliothermic requirements of this variety, which points to a southern origin.

Chief areas of distribution: Andalusia, where the highest concentration of this variety occurs in the regions of Jerez (Cádiz) and Montilla Moriles (Córdoba).

Official synonym(s) (national and OIV): Pedro Jiménez.

Historic and regional synonyms: Pedro Ximén, PX, Pedro, Pedro Ximen, Ximen and Alamis, Pero Ximen, Chironés.

Homonym(s): Pedro Ximinez faux (TN).

Area under cultivation: 8,900 ha (Ministry of Agriculture, 2007).

Trend: Downward.

Varietal variability: Medium.

Availability of propagating material: Various clones from Catalonia and Andalusia ensure availability of certified material to meet requirements.

VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VrZag62 VrZag79 VVS2
Allele1 Allele2 Allele1 Allele2 Allele1 Allele2 Allele1 Allele2 Allele1 Allele2 Allele1 Allele2
232 236 237 237 177 181 187 187 241 2 130 142

Recommended in Portugal: Andalusia, Castilla la Mancha, Extremadura, Murcia, Valencia.

Authorized: Canary Islands, Cantabria.

DOC quality wine: DO Cataluña, Condado de Huelva, Jerez-Xérès-Sherry y Manzanilla-Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Jumilla, La Mancha, Málaga, Montilla-Moriles, Ribera del Guadiana, Sierra de Málaga, Terra Alta y Valencia. DOCa Priorato.

Young shoot (form of tip): Very open, anthocyanin colouration absent, no, or sparse, prostrate hairs.

Young leaf: Low or absent anthocyanin colouration, almost no hairs between veins, very sparse on main veins.

Young shoot: Nodes and internodes green with red stripes on upper and lower surfaces, glabrous.

Inflorescence (sex of flower): Hermaphrodite.

Mature leaf: Medium size, deep green, slightly shiny, pentagonal, five slightly overlapping lobes with medium notching. Half-open V-shaped petiolar sinus, no fluffy hair on veins or between veins. Petiole shorter than main vein, with very sparse hairs. Medium sized teeth convex on both sides, high length-width ratio of blade.

Bunch: Large, medium density, short petiole.

Berry: Medium size, uniform, yellow green, with very thick skin. Berry difficult to detach. Flesh colourless, soft, and very juicy.

Woody shoot: Well-formed, dark brown, striate.

Time of bud burst: Normal.

Flowering: Normal.

Berry (colour change): Normal.

Berry (harvest ripe): Normal to late.

Vigour of shoot growth: High at the time of bud burst.

Pruning weight:: Very high.

Shoot attitude (habit): Heliotropic, erect growth.

Length of internodes: Long.

Shoot length: Long.

Tendency to form lateral shoots: Medium to low.

Rate of multiple bud bursts: Zero.

Bud fertility index: Very high.

Yield consistency: Consistent.

Crop uniformity: Uniform.

Sensitivity to abiotic factors: Tolerates low humidity.

Susceptibility to fungal diseases: Very susceptible to Peronospora and Bunch Rot (Botrytis). Susceptible to Oidium, Esca and Eutypia.

Susceptibility to Pests: Termites.

Bunch weight: High.

Seeds per berry: 3-4.

Vineyard conduction system: Nowadays, usually the vase training system.

Pruning: Short pruning, cane pruning.

Green pruning: Not absolutely necessary.

Soil requirement: Deep sandy, dry, calcareous soils.

Climatic requirements: Warm and dry.

Vine density: 1,200 – 2,400 vines/ha.

Rootstock: No known incompatibility.

Incidence of coulure/millerandage: Low. Occurs in some years.

Spoilage of mature berries: Susceptible when yields are high.

Risk of bird damage: Yes.

Machine harvest suitability: Hardly suitable.

Hand harvest suitability: Suitable.

Wine type: Quality dessert wines (Sherry and Málaga), table wines of medium quality.

Potential alcohol content: In the appropriate terroir, very high sugar concentrations (14.5% – 16% vol.) which can be so high that it can be used to boost alcohol content in dessert wine.

Natural acidity of must: Medium.

Total anthocyanins: Very low.

Risk of oxidation of must: Present.

Tendency towards acidity loss in fermentation: Low.

Colour intensity of wine: High.

Wine colour tonality: Straw yellow.

Tannins: Low.

Total polyphenol index (at 280 nm): 9.

Risk of oxidation of wine: Low.

Aromatic profile: Hints of fruit preserves.

Ageing Potential: Very good, as a dessert wine.

Blending recommendation: With Palomino.

Wine Descriptors: The wine presents iself with a strong, almost dark colour, with deep aromas as one encounters with raisins. In the mouth it is sweet and soft, has a well-balanced abundant richness, and long finish.

Wine quality: Premium quality dessert wines.

Other varieties from the same category: